EU / Solana gov't organization

News about the EU and Mideast.

EU / Solana gov't organization

Postby slk2295 on Mon Nov 29, 2004 11:47 am

Solana is:<br>
<br>
Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union (EU)<br>
Secretary-General of the Western European Union (WEU)<br>
High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)<br>
Will be VP of the Commission in charge of External Relations<br>
<br>
------------------------------------------------<br>
<br>
The EU's decision-making process involve three main institutions:<br>
<br>
•European Parliament (elected) <br>
•European Commission (appointed)<br>
•Council of the European Union (appointed) <br>
<br>
This "institutional triangle" produces the policies and laws that apply throughout the EU.<br>
Two other institutions have a vital part to play: the Court of Justice upholds the rule of European law, and the Court of Auditors checks the financing of the Union's activities.<br>
<br>
--------------------------------------------------<br>
<br>
European Parliament<br>
The European Parliament is the democratic voice of the peoples of Europe. Directly elected every five years, the members of the European Parliament (MEPs) sit not in national blocs but in seven political groups. Each group reflects the political ideology of the national parties to which its members belong. Some MEPs are not attached to any political group. Before the expansion there were 626 seats in the parliment, from 2004 to 2007 there will be 732, and from 2007 until 2009 there will be 786 seats. (This is the "seat number 666" that is unassigned, but it's probably just like the 13th floor, they probably just skipped number 666 as no one wanted it due to the negative connotations)<br>
<br>
Parliament's principal roles are as follows.<br>
•To examine and adopt European legislation (shared equally with the Council of Ministers) <br>
•To approve the EU budget. <br>
•To exercise democratic control over the other EU institutions<br>
•To assent to important international agreements such as the accession of new EU Member States and trade or association agreements between the EU and other countries. <br>
<br>
(as far as I can tell, this is the only main body that Solana is not part of... yet)<br>
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<br>
European Commission<br>
The European Commission is the driving force for the union and does a lot of the day-to-day work in the European Union. It drafts proposals for new European laws, which it presents to the European Parliament and the Council. The Commission makes sure that EU decisions are properly implemented and supervises the way EU funds are spent. It also keeps an eye out to see that everyone abides by the European treaties and European law.<br>
<br>
Romano Prodi heads the EU executive as President of the European Commission<br>
Chris Patten is Commissioner in charge of External Relations - This is the position/duties that will be moved to Solana as Foriegn Minister, along with additional power if I'm not mistaken<br>
<br>
Also of note:<br>
The European Commission is responsible for the General Report of 1998, Chapter V: Role of the Union in the world, Section 1: Common foreign and security policy:<br>
<br>
666. In December the Vienna European Council expressed the opinion that the Secretary-General of the Council and High Representative for the CFSP should be appointed as soon as possible and be a personality with a strong political profile. It invited the Council to prepare common strategies on Russia, Ukraine, the Mediterranean region and the western Balkans, on the understanding that the first would be on Russia. Welcoming the new impetus given to the debate on a common European policy on security and defence, the European Council also noted that the CFSP should be backed by credible operational capabilities <br>
<br>
This Commission report is what led to Recommendation 666 in June 2000<br>
<br>
--------------------------------------------------<br>
<br>
The Council of the European Union is the EU's main decision-making body<br>
Solana is Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union<br>
<br>
The counsil has six key responsibilities: <br>
1) To pass European laws. In many fields it legislates jointly with the European Parliament. <br>
2) To co-ordinate the broad economic policies of the member states. <br>
3) To conclude international agreements between the EU and one or more states or international organisations. <br>
4) To approve the EU's budget, jointly with the European Parliament. <br>
5) To develop the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy <br>
6) To co-ordinate co-operation between the national courts and police forces in criminal matters <br>
<br>
Solana is also High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy (#5 above)<br>
<br>
In addition, there are two decentralized bodies under the CFSP (Solana) that are of interest. Both came directly from the WEU. <br>
(1) The European Institute for Security Studies (ISS): Its aim is to help create a common European security culture, to support the strategic debate by providing the best possible interface between European decision-makers and the diverse circles of non-official specialists. (like the CIA?)<br>
(2) European Union Satellite Centre (EUSC): Its mission is to support EU decision-making in the context of the CSFP, and in particular of the ESDP, by enhancing the EU's capability to gather space related information to help prevent conflicts, support peace-keeping efforts in the event of such conflicts and provide effective humanitarian aid during natural and man-made disasters. Its task will hence consist of providing material resulting from the analysis of satellite imagery and collateral data, including aerial imagery as appropriate. <br>
<br>
And then there is the Political and Security Committee (PSC) <br>
<br>
The Political and Security Committee (PSC) follows international developments in the field of common foreign and security policy (CFSP), helps to define policies and monitors their implementation. Under the authority of the Council (Solana), it is responsible for the political control and strategic guidance of crisis management operations. Composed mainly of national representatives, the PSC is at the heart of crisis management activities. To ensure its smooth running, it is assisted by a Politico-Military Group, a Committee for Civilian Aspects of Crisis Management, and the Military Committee (MC) and Military Staff (MS) (this is similar to the National Security Advisory Committee, headed by Dr. Condoleezza Rice and the Secretary of Defense, Donald H. Rumsfeld)<br>
<br>
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Where does the WEU fit into all of this?<br>
<br>
The EU’s High Representative is also the WEU Secretary-General and <br>
The Political and Security Committee (PSC) also make up the 10 nation WEU Permanent Council<br>
<br>
Despite all the institutional changes in Europe (and what most web sites lead you to believe), the WEU Counsil and the Assembly of WEU are still in charge of Security and Defence for the EU, esp in relation to "emergency" Military actions. <br>
<br>
Most documentation will say that the WEU has many Representatives, what they fail to mention is that only the 10 nations that make up the PERMANENT COUNSIL have voting power. They are:<br>
<br>
France <br>
Germany<br>
United Kingdom<br>
Spain<br>
Italy <br>
Greece <br>
Belgium <br>
Luxembourg <br>
Netherlands <br>
Portugal <br>
<br>
There is one Vice-President of the Permanent Council from each of these 10 nations, plus a "president", but Solana as the Secretary-General has all the real power in the group, including the power to declare and emergency and direct the Military.<br>
<br>
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<br>
<br>
As a Summary, there are 3 branches of government in the EU. They are the Parliament, Commission, and Council. <br>
<br>
The members of Parliment are elected, but the Parliment actually has the least power of the three. Solana doesn't seem to be involved in the Parliment<br>
<br>
Solana currently is the head of the Counsil, which has most of the decision making authority in the EU. He also heads the department within the Counsil that controls Security and Defence (the military). The power and decision making in this department actually comes from the 10 nation WEU Permanent Council, which Solana also runs. <br>
<br>
When Solana is appointed as Foreign Minister he will also have a very powerful position in the third branch, the Commision. He will be VP and in charge of all foreign affairs for the EU. <br>
<br>
Correct me if I'm wrong here Herb, but as a comparison, it seems to me that Solana has about the same power in the EU as one would have if we combined all of the US positions listed below:<br>
<br>
Secretary of State, Colin Powell <br>
Secretary of Defense, Donald H. Rumsfeld<br>
National Security Advisor, Dr. Condoleezza Rice<br>
Department of Homeland Security, Tom Ridge <br>
Speaker of the House (Congress), Dennis Hastert (very powerful but anonymous position) <br>
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Richard B. Myers<br>
Director of Central Intelligence, George J. Tenet <br>
Chairman Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, Lt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft <br>
And possible a few others<br>
<br>
Most of the data above was collected from europa.eu.int/index_en.htm<br>
Also see assembly-weu.itnetwork.fr...ation.html for a VERY interesting overview of Solana<br>
And of course www.whitehouse.gov<br>
<br>
<p></p><i></i>
slk2295
 

Wikipedia Article

Postby nonymouse on Mon Nov 29, 2004 12:14 pm

<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Javier_Solana">en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Javier_Solana</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br>
<br>
Javier Solana<br>
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.<br>
<br>
Javier SolanaJavier Solana Madariaga (born July 14, 1942) is the current Secretary General of the European Union as well as the current High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the EU. At the same time he also holds the the office of the Secretary General of the Western European Union (WEU). In the past he also held the position of Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and in the future he is likely to hold the position of Foreign Minister for the European Union.<br>
<br>
Solana frequently refers to himself as a "European and an Atlanticist." This refers to a long standing alliance between Western European-, American-, and Canadian-related interests. During his NATO tenure, Solana also chaired the Atlantic Council.<br>
<br>
Contents [showhide] <br>
1 History<br>
<br>
1.1 Family Background<br>
1.2 Early history<br>
1.3 Role in NATO<br>
1.4 Roles in the EU and the Western European Union<br>
<br>
<br>
2 Future<br>
<br>
3 External links<br>
<br>
[edit]<br>
History<br>
[edit]<br>
Family Background<br>
Solana was born on July 14, 1942 in Madrid, Spain. On his maternal side, he is the grandson of famous Spanish diplomat/writer Salvador de Madariaga (1886-197 . Javier is the younger of the two sons de Madariaga's daughter Nieves (1917-2003). His older brother, Luis Solana de Madariaga, was born in Madrid in 1935. Solana's mother, like her more famous father, was also a published scholar and writer. Her full name at the time of her death was Nieves Hayat de Madariaga Mathews. She was employed for upwards of 20 years by the FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization), a United Nations agency headquartered in Rome. Her Yale University-published book on the life of Sir Francis Bacon was released in 1996. His maternal aunt is Isabel de Madariaga, a professor emeritus of Slavonic Studies at the College of London. She has also published historical works, most notably about Russian empress, Catherine the Great. Javier Solana's older brother Luis Solana is a retired Spanish telephone company chief executive officer; he was the first known Socialist party member to join the Trilateral Commission. Javier Solana, likewise, is active with the Trilateral Commission as he is with the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) where although not a member, he is a frequent speaker and close friend of many of its principals. He is likewise active with the Foreign Policy Association (FPA).<br>
<br>
On Solana's paternal side, his grandfather was Don Ezequiel Solana Ramirez. He was reportedly a revered educator who died in 1931.<br>
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[edit]<br>
Early history<br>
Javier Solana's most personally listed affiliation apart from the Socialist party is the Spanish chapter of the Club of Rome. On a personal level, he has been said to "eat little and sleep less;" his is reportedly "a monk's diet of fish and fruit." Some accounts state that although he is active in global disarmament efforts, his favorite personal hobby is "collecting guns".<br>
<br>
Professionally, apart from his political careers, Solana holds a doctorate in physics; he is fond of saying that "in a previous incarnation I worked as a professor in solid-state physics." He received his doctorate while studying at the University of Virginia under a Fulbright Scholarship in the United States.<br>
<br>
Solana left the USA in 1971 to return to Spain with one of his teaching mentors. There he became employed by Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. In 1975 his political nemesis, Generalissimo Francisco Franco died. Thereupon Solana, expelled in his youth for anti-Franco rebellion, once again involved himself in Spanish political life. As a representative of a teacher's union, he ran and won election as the Socialist candidate for the parliamentary seat he was to begin occupying in July 1977.<br>
<br>
Solana has been a member of the Spanish socialist party PSOE since 1964. Between 1982 and 1995 he held different positions in the Spanish government including that of the Minister for Culture, Minister of Science and Education and lastly as Minister for Foreign Affairs (1992-1995). For most of those years he was also the official spokesman for the Spanish government.<br>
<br>
On November 20th, 1995, during Spain's turn at the rotating six month presidency of the European Union, Javier Solana concluded a treaty between the European Union and Israel.<br>
<br>
[edit]<br>
Role in NATO<br>
On November 30, 1995, Solana was appointed as NATO Secretary General. His election was a surprise to many, including 52 United States congressmen who telegraphically protested his appointment because of his alleged Marxism and open Castro sympathies. He had once been on the USA's own subversive list. He was best known, per the Spanish newspapers observing the scene, as one of Spain's most vocal and most prominent opponents of NATO. He had once written a pamphlet, "50 Reasons to say NO to NATO." Between 1995 and 1999, Solana was NATO Secretary General.<br>
<br>
The Secretary General of NATO usually has a ministerial role, passing on instructions from the member nations' consensus to its military components, but during his 1995 to 1999 NATO tenure, Solana was given sole unusual powers to make military decisions over Yugoslavia. For example, on January 30, 1999, he was given sole power to make all further military decisions over NATO Balkan operations. This included the say so on whether or not bombings should occur. Madeline Albright, USA Secretary of State then said by way of explanation, "Solana has the power and has had it since January 30, 1999. We are speaking with one voice through Javier Solana.", and on March 21, 1999, USA President Bill Clinton told a national American television audience in regards to the forthcoming bombings: "I agree with Javier Solana's decision to do this." The order to commence bombing against Yugoslavian targets was subsequently given solely by Solana.<br>
<br>
USA General Wesley Clark, who as head military officer of the NATO coalition reported to and took orders from Solana, reports in his book WAGING MODERN WAR that he once asked Solana the secret of his success. Solana reflected briefly and then answered, "First make no enemies. Then never ask a question to which you do not know or do not like the answer."<br>
<br>
Despite his activity in world politics, most Americans are unfamiliar with Solana's name, the Barcelona Process, and certainly the extent of his growing powers which are becoming increasingly global in scope and influence.<br>
<br>
[edit]<br>
Roles in the EU and the Western European Union<br>
Solana's NATO term was to have expired in December, 1999; however, he left that job two months early, in October 1999, to take the newly created position of Office of the High Representative of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (also more informally called "Senor PESC" - Post of European Security Commissioner). He was also given the title and responsibility of Secretary General of the European Union; this was for the purpose of giving continuity between the EU's 6 month rotating presidential administrations. These positions caused Solana to be generally described by the European press as "tsar of European military and foreign policy."<br>
<br>
On November 20, 1999, Javier Solana was also selected by the ten-nation core of the Western European Union (WEU) to be its pending Secretary General, pending unification with the European Union. However, on June 5, 2000, the ten nation WEU in its Assembly Recommendation 666 noted that under its governing treaties, complete merger could not occur, and therefore they support a proposal to have the WEU Secretary General and CFSP High Representative (both Solana) preside over the PSC (Political Security Committee) and convene the council of the European Union in the event of an emergency. (Such an emergency was declared after the 3/11 (March 11, 2004) Madrid train bombings.)<br>
<br>
This appointment came on the same day as major world leaders were gathering at deceased British author Sir Harold Acton's old Italian villa then and now owned by New York University's School of Law. The gathering was of the Third Way Movement. Solana was in attendance at the villa as were U.S. President and Mrs. Clinton, Sydney Blumenfeld, British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Romano Prodi and many other distinguished transatlantic leaders.<br>
<br>
Javier Solana presides over Europe's Political Security Committee (PSC). All seated on that committee hold ambassador rank in the EU and serve at the pleasure of Javier Solana. All foreign ambassadors of the European Union entity (as opposed to its individual countries) as well as all EU military personnel are ultimately accountable to the Council of the European Union through Javier Solana. The EU's hope is that the pending new European constitution will strengthen and extend this European federal type set of structures.<br>
<br>
Javier Solana did most or even all of the spearheading and coordination of the Barcelona Conference, the launching pad of the 27 nation Barcelona Process expected to lead to a Mediterranean free trade zone by 2010. This conference was opened by him on November 27, 1995. He opened by declaring that it was auspicious that it began on the 900th anniversary of the calling of the first crusade by Pope Urban II, and commented "What a lot of intolerance and misunderstanding that led to." The conference concluded with the 27 nations signing the Barcelona Treaty.<br>
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Solana has also negotiated numerous "Treaties of Association" between the European Union and various Mideast countries. In his tenure with the European Union, Javier Solana has been relatively busy on the world stage negotiating various integration treaties with South American countries such as Bolivia and Colombia. He has also been a vital part of the Quartet for Peace in the Middle East along with Kofi Annan of the United Nations, a Russian representative, and a USA representative.<br>
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[edit]<br>
Future<br>
Increasingly as of 2004, there is increased reliance on Javier Solana on the part of the EU and the WEU, which has noticeably strengthened his military and foreign power. On June 29, 2004 Javier Solana was selected by the Council of the European Union to be its first Foreign Minister under the new EU constitution. Until formal ratification of the constitution occurs (slated for 2006), Solana is de facto exercising the defined powers of that future office as well as its approximate 26 billion euros budget (formerly reserved for the Commissioner of External Affairs).<br>
<br>
A sign of that is that Solana no longer travels with the EU rotating presidency and the Commissioner of External Affairs (Chris Patten) as the reigning EU "troika" -- since the vote of the Council of Ministers, Solana now speaks and travels as the sole voice rather than one of three voices.<br>
<br>
This was dramatically illustrated by events in Israel on or about July 20 to 22nd (2004). Israel's Prime Minister Ariel Sharon declined to meet with Solana, saying that because of an EU vote against Israel at the UN that Israel would not work with the EU, notwithstanding despite its prominence on the Quartet for Peace in the Middle East. Solana stunned the world, Israel included, by replying that like it or not, both he and the EU were there to stay on the Israeli-Palestinian decision making processes.<br>
<br>
The Clinton White House once announced in a press conference that Javier Solana was the fulfillment of Henry Kissinger's long stated wish to have only one phone number to ring up for Europe. Post June 29, 2004, many other sources were making the same observation -- that Kissinger (and anybody else) could ring up Europe by calling only Javier Solana.<br>
<br>
<br>
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------<br>
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As the anti-Franco activist in his youth and the anti-NATO activist in his 40s combined with his leadership of NATO in his 50s, Javier Solana has sometimes been called a "squarer of circles" (i.e. reconciler of opposites). Past illustrations of this (whether intentional or not) were his marriage to the daughter (Conception Gimenez) of a top Franco general and by his heading NATO in his fifties. He has also played an active role in the various Mideast peace processes at least between 1991 and the present time.<br>
<br>
Javier Solana is the father of two grown children: a son, Diego, and a daughter, Vega. Solana reportedly has never moved his immediate family - wife and children - to Brussels, his main residence since taking his NATO post in the late fall of 1995 and his European Union posts thereafter.<br>
<br>
<p></p><i></i>
nonymouse
 

Re: Wikipedia Article

Postby RickA on Mon Dec 06, 2004 4:19 pm

sculpture in front of the Council of the European Union office in Brussels<br>
<br>
<br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.thebestlinks.com/images/c/c8/Justus_Lipsius.jpg">www.thebestlinks.com/imag...ipsius.jpg</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--> <p></p><i>Edited by: <A HREF=http://p203.ezboard.com/bherbsdiscussionboard.showUserPublicProfile?gid=ricka@herbsdiscussionboard>RickA</A> at: 12/6/04 6:24 pm<br></i>
RickA
 

Re: EU / Solana gov't organization

Postby Constance E Cumbey on Thu Jan 06, 2005 5:52 pm

Very excellent post! AND DON'T FORGET<br>
<br>
US equivalent of head of NASA -- European Space Agency is also under Solana's power; did you mention Commander in Chief? Solana has the EU military as well as foreign policy!<br>
<br>
Constance<br>
cumbey@yahoo.com<br>
<p></p><i></i>
Constance E Cumbey
 

Re: EU / Solana gov't organization

Postby blessedayers on Fri Jan 07, 2005 11:09 am

<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Just a friendly reminder</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <!--EZCODE EMOTICON START :angel --><img src=http://www.planetsmilies.com/smilies/innocent/innocent02.gif ALT=":angel"><!--EZCODE EMOTICON END--> <br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE FONT START--><span style="color:red;font-size:medium;">The Board Rules:<br>
<br>
11. No saying you know for sure who the AC is. It's OK to say you "think" somebody "could" be. But don't say you know for sure. (But, if you see some guy go into a rebuilt Jewish temple and make himself out to be God, you got my permission -- pin that tail! : )</span><!--EZCODE FONT END--><br>
<br>
Rev.22:6 -7<br>
<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>And he said unto me, These sayings [are] faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done. <br>
Behold, I come quickly: blessed [is] he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <br>
<p>******************************************************<br>
"Seek ye out of the book of the LORD,and read: no one of these shall fail-Therefore every scribe instructed concerning the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who brings out of his treasure things old and new-Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long suffering and doctrine.”<br>
Isa.34:16a, Matt.13:52,2Tim 4:2<br>
<br>
Jody<br>
Psalms 119</p><i></i>
blessedayers
 

SEAT 666

Postby slk2295 on Fri Jan 07, 2005 1:49 pm

It is often brought up that there is a "seat 666" in the EU that is unfilled, and people question whether this seat may be reserved for the Beast of Revelation. Here is a summary of currently available info:<br>
<!--EZCODE HR START--><hr /><!--EZCODE HR END--><br>
<br>
The European Parliament is directly elected every five years. The members (MEPs) sit not in national blocs but in seven political groups. Each group reflects the political ideology of the national parties to which its members belong. Some MEPs are not attached to any political group. <br>
<br>
It is in the Parliment that the infamous "Seat 666" would be if it exists (it may be urban legend, or like the 13th floor of a building, non-existant).<br>
<br>
Before the EU expansion in 2004 there were 626 seats in the parliment. From 2004 to 2007 there will be 732, and from 2007 until 2009 there will be 786 seats. <br>
<br>
There are 3 buildings that the Parliment uses. The official seat of the European Parliament is in Strasbourg, however much of Parliament’s work is done in Brussels. In addition to the twelve plenary sessions held annually in Strasbourg, additional sessions are held in Brussels where most meetings of the parliamentary committees and political groups also take place. <br>
<br>
Here is a virtual tour of the Strasbourg, where you can pan in to see that the seats in the room are actually numbered. Whether there exists an actual seat numbered 666, or whether the number was simply skipped I don't know. <br>
<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.europarl.eu.int/press/visit/en/en_str_07.htm">www.europarl.eu.int/press...str_07.htm</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--> <br>
<br>
Here is a virtual tour of the Brussels building. You can see that these seats are also numbered. <!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.europarl.eu.int/press/visit/en/en_bru_04.htm">www.europarl.eu.int/press...bru_04.htm</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--> <br>
<br>
Here is an article discussing "seat 666", however I am unable to find any confirmable sources for this information. <br>
<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?ArtKey=666">www.ianpaisley.org/articl...ArtKey=666</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--> <br>
<br>
Even if there is a seat that is numbered 666, I'm actually pretty skeptical that it would MEAN anything. After all, there are phone number, licence plates, credit cards, etc that all contain the number 666. That number itself doesn't have any magical power to turn someone into the Beast of John's Revealtion. If it exists, it's just a chair - although I can see why no one would want to sit it in. <br>
<br>
Hope this helps,<br>
Shanna <br>
<p></p><i></i>
slk2295
 

solana pics

Postby sai on Tue Feb 01, 2005 6:41 am

Here's a link to Solana's official EU photo library. It offers a fascinating day-by-day perspective of Solana in action.<br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://ue.eu.int/cms3_applications/applications/newsroom/GalleryViewer.asp?command=VIEW_BYDATE&BID=105&TOPIC=NODESCRIPTION&cmsID=370&LANG=1">ue.eu.int/cms3_applicatio...370&LANG=1</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--> <p></p><i></i>
sai
 

Excerpt from Debka's latest report

Postby ArcBlatt on Sun Feb 20, 2005 3:13 pm

The European Front, Following the American step back from the Middle East dispute, Sharon sent his top aide Dov Weisglass to London and Brussels instead of Washington to report on the government’s pullback decision. <br>
<br>
This mission went ahead despite the fact that the European Union foreign affairs executive Javier Solana conveyed a secret assurance to Abbas. He advised him not to be dismayed by the cool wind blowing from Washington, because immediately after Israel completes its pullback, the EU would stage a big international conference to work on the final-status accord between Israel and the Palestinians. <br>
<br>
What this means, according to DEBKAfile’s Middle East experts, is that the Europeans have given Abu Mazen the means to duck the American demand to dismantle terrorists. <br>
<br>
So keen is Solana on his Middle East initiative that on the day of the Hariri assassination in Beirut, the Spanish ambassador in Tel Aviv was ordered to fly to Damascus via Cyprus for a briefing on Abbas’ situation to Spanish minister Miguel Moratinos who was then visiting Damascus. <br>
<br>
<br>
Source: <!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.debka.com/article.php?aid=987">www.debka.com/article.php?aid=987</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br>
<p></p><i></i>
ArcBlatt
 

Re: CHART FOR THE EU, WEU, & JAVIER SOLANA

Postby Herb on Tue Mar 08, 2005 9:27 am

Posted by sai<br>
<br>
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------<br>
1942 (Javier Solana)<br>
Javier Solana born in Madrid on July 14.<br>
<br>
1948 (WEU)<br>
Brussels Treaty on economic, social and cultural collaboration and collective self-defense is signed by 5 countries, Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.<br>
<br>
1950 (EU)<br>
The idea of European integration is proposed by French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman in a speech on May 9, celebrated annually as “Europe Day”.<br>
<br>
1950 (WEU & NATO)<br>
The original 5 members of the Brussels Treaty enter into talks with the United States, Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Norway and Portugal, resulting in the creation of a separate political and military organization, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).<br>
<br>
1951 (EU)<br>
European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) is set up, with six members: Belgium, West Germany, Luxembourg, France, Italy and the Netherlands.<br>
<br>
1954 (WEU)<br>
Germany and Italy join the Brussels Treaty nations and the Western European Union (WEU) is created with 7 members. Three objectives are stated:<br>
1. To create in Western Europe a firm basis for European economic recovery;<br>
2. To afford assistance to each other in resisting any policy of aggression;<br>
3. To promote the unity and encourage the progressive integration of Europe.<br>
<br>
1954 - 1973 (WEU)<br>
WEU plays an important role by promoting the development of consultation and co-operation in Western Europe, in the aftermath of the Second World War.<br>
<br>
1957 (EU)<br>
European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) is set up, with the original 6 members noted above.<br>
<br>
1957 (EU)<br>
European Economic Community (EEC) is set up, with the original 6 members noted above.<br>
<br>
1967 (EU)<br>
The institutions of the three European Communities, ECSC, EURATOM and EEC, merge, creating a single Commission, a single Council and a single Parliament.<br>
<br>
1973 (EU)<br>
Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom join the EU, for a total of 9 members.<br>
<br>
1976 (NATO)<br>
European NATO nations (except Iceland) establish a forum for armaments cooperation, the Independent European Programme Group (IEPG). <br>
<br>
1976 (EU & WEU)<br>
The European Defense Industries Group (EDIG) is formed as an organization responsive to the needs of the IEPG. EDIG draws its membership from the national defense industry associations of member nations.<br>
<br>
1974 - 1984 (WEU & EU)<br>
WEU’s activities slow down. The Agency for the Control of Armaments and the Standing Armaments Committee, agencies within the WEU, continue their work, but the WEU’s economic, social and cultural roles is gradually taken over by the EU. <br>
<br>
1981 (EU)<br>
Greece joins the EU, for a total of 10 members.<br>
<br>
1984 (WEU)<br>
The Rome Treaty confirms the security and defense authority of the WEU.<br>
<br>
1986 (EU)<br>
Spain and Portugal join the EU, for a total of 12 members.<br>
<br>
1990 (WEU)<br>
Portugal and Spain join the WEU, for a total of 9 Full Members. Full Members must be members of both NATO and the EU.<br>
<br>
1992 (EU)<br>
The Treaty of Maastricht introduces new forms of co-operation between the member states, for example on defense and in the area of "justice and home affairs", officially creating the European Union (EU).<br>
<br>
1992 (WEU)<br>
The 13 countries of the Independent European Programme Group (IEPG) transfer the functions of the IEPG to the WEU, specifically, the enhanced cooperation in the field of armaments. The armaments forum is renamed the Western European Armaments Group (WEAG). Full Members of the WEAG include Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Turkey and the United Kingdom.<br>
<br>
The European Defense Industries Group (EDIG) continues in its original role, now responding to the needs of the WEAG.<br>
<br>
1992 (WEU)<br>
Three Associate Members join the WEU, Iceland, Norway and Turkey. Associate Members are also members of NATO, but they are not members of the EU.<br>
<br>
1992 (WEU)<br>
Two Observers join the WEU, Denmark* and Ireland. Observers are also members of the EU, but they are not members of NATO.<br>
*Denmark is also a member of NATO.<br>
<br>
1994 (WEU)<br>
Six Associate Partners join the WEU, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania and Slovakia. Associate Partners are neither members of NATO nor the EU, but they are signatories of an agreement with the EU.<br>
<br>
1995 (EU)<br>
Austria, Finland and Sweden join the EU, for a total of 15 members.<br>
<br>
1995 (WEU)<br>
Greece joins the WEU, for a total of 10 Full Members.<br>
<br>
1995 (WEU)<br>
Three Observers join the WEU, Austria, Finland and Sweden, for a total of 5 Observers.<br>
<br>
1995 (NATO & Javier Solana)<br>
Javier Solana begins a 4-year term as Secretary General of NATO <br>
<br>
1996 (WEU)<br>
Slovenia join the WEU as an Associate Partner, for a total of 7 Associate Partners.<br>
<br>
1998 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
The annual General Report, Item #666 states:<br>
“In December the Vienna European Council expressed the opinion that the Secretary-General of the Council and High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) should be appointed as soon as possible and be a personality with a strong political profile. It invited the Council to prepare common strategies on Russia, Ukraine, the Mediterranean region and the western Balkans, on the understanding that the first would be on Russia. Welcoming the new impetus given to the debate on a common European policy on security and defense, the European Council also noted that the CFSP shoould be backed by credible operational capabilities.”<br>
<br>
1999 (NATO & Javier Solana)<br>
Javier Solana ends his 4-year term as Secretary General of NATO<br>
<br>
1999 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
Javier Solana becomes the first person to hold the powerful new position of High Representative of Common Foreign and Security Policy for the EU. <br>
<br>
1999 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
Javier Solana becomes the Secretary General of the Council of Europe for the EU.<br>
<br>
1999 (WEU & Javier Solana))<br>
Javier Solana becomes the Secretary General of the WEU.<br>
<br>
1999 (WEU)<br>
The Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland join the WEU as Associate Members, for a total of 6 Associate Members.<br>
<br>
2000 (EU & WEU)<br>
Crisis management responsibilities are transferred from the WEU to the EU.<br>
<br>
2000 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
In what was referred to as the "Summertime Coup" by the International Federation of Journalists, Javier Solana engineered an amendment to existing security classifications, effectively limiting public access to EU documents pertaining to security and defense. The amendment states:<br>
"Regarding public access to documents and the public register of Council documents, proposals have been made in COREPER to amend both Decisions in order to exclude documents regarding security and defense from their sphere of action. A similar exception should be incorporated in the proposed transparency regulation that is being discussed at present The possibility of establishing specific rules regarding police and judicial cooperation is being examined at present."<br>
<br>
2000 (WEU)<br>
Austria, the Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Poland and Sweden join the WEAG, for a total of 19 Full Members.<br>
<br>
2000 (WEU & Javier Solana)<br>
Recommendation 666 becomes effective. <br>
Item #12 of the recommendation states: <br>
"Support proposals for the WEU Secretary-General and CFSP High Representative to preside over the PSC and civilian crisis-management machinery and give him powers to convene the Council of the European Union in the event of an emergency."<br>
<br>
2000 (WEU & EU)<br>
The Assembly of the WEU becomes the temporary assembly for the EU's new 10-nation military wing.<br>
<br>
2003 (EU)<br>
Treaty of Nice streamlines the decision-making system.<br>
<br>
2003 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
The EU's primary weapon against terror is economic rather than military. The European Neigborhood Policy (ENP) is first outlined by the EU Commission in March. It will provide a way for the EU to exercise its influence in neighboring countries, and it is part of Javier Solana's new security doctrine. It is primarily aimed at Russia, Ukraine and the countries of the Mediterranean. The ENP encompasses individual package deals for each country, comprised of incentives and requirements for participation.<br>
<br>
2004 (EU)<br>
Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia join the EU, for a total of 25 members.<br>
<br>
2004 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
The Israeli government endorses the action plan for Israel's entrance into Solana’s European Neighborhood Policy (ENP), to be implemented in 2007.<br>
<br>
2004 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
The EU Commission endorses action plans for Israel, Ukraine, Moldova, Morocco, Tunisia, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority to enter into Javier Solana’s European Neighborhood Policy (ENP), to be implemented in 2007.<br>
<br>
2005 (EU)<br>
Croatia and Turkey begin negotiations for EU membership.<br>
<br>
2006 (EU)<br>
Treaty of Nice will be replaced by the EU Constitution - if all member countries ratify the constitution.<br>
<br>
2006 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
Javier Solana becomes the first person appointed to the powerful new office of EU Foreign Minister and EU Commission Vice President upon ratification of the European Union Constitution.<br>
<br>
2007 (EU)<br>
The EU’s next 7-year fiscal term begins.<br>
<br>
2007 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
The new funding instrument, Javier Solana’s European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI), goes into effect for implementation of Solana's European Neighborhood Policy (ENP).<br>
<br>
2007 (EU)<br>
Bulgaria and Romania are expected to join the EU.<br>
<br>
2010 (EU & Javier Solana)<br>
“Headline Goal 2010”, as stated in the EU Constitution, is the goal for all civilian and military peace-keeping/peace-making capabilities, under the jurisdiction of Javier Solana, to be deployable.<br>
<br>
WESTERN EUROPEAN UNION (WEU):<br>
<br>
official title: “Assembly of Western European Union”<br>
commonly referred to as: “The Assembly”<br>
<br>
The major functions of the Assembly, as stated on the official WEU website:<br>
<br>
“WEU functions and structures are in place to enable the Member States to fulfill the commitments arising from the Modified Brussels Treaty, particularly those in Articles V and IX.”<br>
<br>
Article V of the Modified Brussels Treaty:<br>
“If any of the High Contracting Parties should be the object of an armed attack in Europe, the other High Contracting Parties will, in accordance with the provisions of Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, afford the Party so attacked all the military and other aid and assistance in their power.”<br>
<br>
Article IX of the Modified Brussels Treaty:<br>
“The Council of Western European Union shall make an annual report on its activities and in particular concerning the control of armaments to an Assembly composed of representatives of the Brussels Treaty Powers to the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe.”<br>
<br>
The organization of the WEU:<br>
<br>
Presidential Committee is the steering body of the Assembly.<br>
<br>
Standing Committee acts on behalf of the Assembly between plenary sessions.<br>
<br>
Defense Committee is concerned with European security and defense issues from an operational and military standpoint.<br>
<br>
Political Committee addresses the political aspects of European security and defense.<br>
<br>
Technological and Aerospace Committee is concerned with defense and dual technologies and cooperation in the field of armaments. <br>
<br>
Parliamentary and Public Relations Committee is responsible for cooperation with national parliaments and monitors security and defense debates.<br>
<br>
EUROPEAN UNION (EU):<br>
<br>
The major functions of the EU, as stated on the official EU website:<br>
<br>
“The European Union (EU) is a family of democratic European countries, committed to working together for peace and prosperity. It is not a State intended to replace existing states, but it is more than any other international organization. The EU is, in fact, unique. Its Member States have set up common institutions to which they delegate some of their sovereignty so that decisions on specific matters of joint interest can be made democratically at European level. This pooling of sovereignty is also called "European integration".”<br>
<br>
The organization of the EU:<br>
<br>
European Parliament, the “voice of the people”, is comprised of national representatives elected by the people of the Member States.<br>
<br>
Council of the European Union, the “voice of the member states”, is comprised of appointed officials representing the governments of the Member States.<br>
<br>
European Commission, the “driving force”, is comprised of appointed EU officials to form the executive body of the EU.<br>
<br>
Court of Justice, comprised of one appointed judge from each member state, ensures compliance with EU law.<br>
<br>
Court of Auditors, an independent EU institution, oversees management of the EU budget.<br>
<br>
CURRICULUM VITAE OF JAVIER SOLANA MADARIAGA:<br>
<br>
Born in Madrid on 14 July 1942. <br>
<br>
Married to Concepción Giménez - two children. <br>
<br>
Doctorate in physics – Fulbright scholar at several American universities. <br>
<br>
Professor of solid-state physics at Madrid Complutense University - author of over thirty publications in the field. <br>
<br>
Member of the Spanish Chapter of the Club of Rome.<br>
<br>
Joined the Spanish Socialist Party in 1964. <br>
<br>
Member of the Spanish Parliament since 1977. <br>
<br>
Spanish Cabinet Minister from 1982 to 1995 without interruption: <br>
<br>
December 1982 - July 1988: Minister for Culture (simultaneously acted as Government Spokesman from July 1985 to July 1988. <br>
<br>
July 1988 - July 1992: Minister for Education and Science. <br>
<br>
July 1992 - December 1995: Minister for Foreign Affairs. <br>
<br>
December 1995 - October 1999: Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). <br>
<br>
Since 18 October 1999: Secretary General of the Council of the European Union/High representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).<br>
<br>
Since 25 November 1999: Secretary General of Western European Union (WEU).<br>
<br>
July 2004: appointed for a second 5-year mandate as Secretary General of the Council of the EU and EU High Representative for the CFSP. It was also decided that Mr Solana would be appointed EU Foreign Minister on the day of entry into force of the Constitutional Treaty for Europe. <br>
<br>
For WEU information see the official site:<br>
www.weu.int/<br>
www.assemblee-ueo.org/en/accueil.php<br>
<br>
For EU information see the official site:<br>
europa.eu.int/index_en.htm<br>
<br>
For information about the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) see the official site:<br>
europa.eu.int/comm/world/...dex_en.htm<br>
<br>
For Israel’s endorsement of the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) see the Jerusalem Post website:<br>
www.jpost.com/servlet/Sat...2601523688<br>
<br>
For the curriculum vitae of Javier Solana see the official site:<br>
ue.eu.int/cms3_applicatio...46&lang=EN<br>
<p></p><i></i>
Herb
 

Re: Wikipedia

Postby bebopredux on Fri Jun 03, 2005 9:31 am

Thought this was interesting as well:<br>
<br>
Nieves Mathews<br>
1917-2003, is a noted author who is is of equal Scottish and Spanish parentage.<br>
[edit]<br>
Family background<br>
<br>
Her father was the distinguished Spanish diplomat and scholar Salvador de Madariaga. Her mother was the distinguished economic historian Constance Archibald.<br>
Nieves was the older of 2 daughters.<br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>She was not allowed to be baptised</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> because of her father's anti-clericalism. She is the mother of two sons, Luis Solana, a former Spanish telephone executive was opposed to Franco's dictatorship and was imprisoned for his political activities. Her younger son, Javier Solana is the former head of NATO and the current European Union foreign policy chief. <p></p><i></i>
bebopredux
 

Mr Solana was appointed under the Maastricht treaty

Postby blessedayers on Tue Jun 07, 2005 4:43 am

<!--EZCODE FONT START--><span style="color:black;font-size:medium;">Text of the Maastricht Treaty</span><!--EZCODE FONT END--><br>
<br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Text of the Treaty on European Union</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Text of the Treaty establishing the European Community</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Titles III and IV of the Maastricht Treaty</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <br>
<br>
Amendments to the Treaties establishing the Coal and Steel Community and the Atomic Energy Community. <br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Protocols of the Maastricht Treaty</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <br>
<br>
The full texts of the Protocols to the Treaties on Europan Union and establishing the European Community. <br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Final Act and Declarations of the Maastricht Treaty</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <br>
The full texts of the Final Act and the Declarations to the Maastricht Treaty. <br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE FONT START--><span style="color:blue;">Each bolded portion is a section of the treaty you will find at the link below....they are PDF files.</span><!--EZCODE FONT END--><br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE LINK START--><a href="http://www.eurotreaties.com/maastrichtext.html" target="top">www.eurotreaties.com/maastrichtext.html</a><!--EZCODE LINK END--><br>
<p><!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong><!--EZCODE FONT START--><span style="color:purple;">~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~</span><!--EZCODE FONT END--></strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--><br>
<!--EZCODE FONT START--><span style="color:teal;">"Seek ye out of the book of the LORD,and read: no one of these shall fail...Therefore every scribe instructed concerning the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who brings out of his treasure things old and new...Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long suffering and doctrine.” Isa.34:16a, Matt.13:52, 2Tim 4:2<br>
<br>
"We have come to a turning-point in the road. If we turn to the right, mayhap our children and our children's children will go that way; but if we turn to the left, generations yet unborn will curse our names for having been unfaithful to God and to His Word."<br>
Charles Spurgeon <br>
<br>
<br>
1Co 13:4-7 Love is always patient, Love is always kind, Love is never envious Or vaunted up with pride. Nor is she conceited, <br>
And never is she rude, Never does she think of self Or ever get annoyed. She never is resentful, <br>
Is never glad with sin, But always glad to side with truth, Whene'er the truth should win. <br>
She bears up under everything, Believes the best in all, There is no limit to her hope, And never will she fall. <br>
<br>
</span><!--EZCODE FONT END--> <br>
<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong><!--EZCODE FONT START--><span style="color:purple;">Jody ***Psalms 119***</span><!--EZCODE FONT END--></strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> </p><i></i>
blessedayers
 

the anti-christ

Postby ussmalik on Tue Jun 21, 2005 5:42 pm

The anti-christ,I think a few know who that is. It's not a revalation, it's reason.<br>
Now the lost, will have the anti-christ revealed. By then it will be to late. <br>
So it's high time the church woke up, we need to be doing something.<br>
Make disciples. Prohecy, today is the Lord's tool for the church. This is no joke, this is not a dry run, this is not a test. This is time, and reality, our salvation draws nigh. <p></p><i></i>
ussmalik
 

Re: EU / Solana gov't organization

Postby Charles Baker on Sun Jul 31, 2005 12:14 am

Dear slk2295:<br>
<br>
In your post no 950 you give information on the European Parliament, for which I thank you. One section raises a question in my mind. <!--EZCODE QUOTE START--><blockquote><strong><em>Quote:</em></strong><hr>European Parliament<br>
The European Parliament is the democratic voice of the peoples of Europe. Directly elected every five years, the members of the European Parliament (MEPs) sit not in national blocs but in seven political groups. Each group reflects the political ideology of the national parties to which its members belong. Some MEPs are not attached to any political group.<hr></blockquote><!--EZCODE QUOTE END--> Charlie -- If some MEPs are not attached to any political group do you know what political ideology they might reflect?<br>
<br>
It is interesting that they 'sit in seven political groups'. Is the Prime Minister of the parliament one of the seven, an eighth person or is this a parliament without a prime minister, per se?<br>
<br>
Just wondering.<br>
<br>
Thanks, again, for the information.<br>
<br>
God Bless you. Charlie. <p></p><i></i>
Charles Baker
 

to charles baker

Postby farmer on Sat Sep 24, 2005 9:35 am

Charles Baker,<br>
<br>
Josep Borrell Fontelles is the<br>
President of the European Parliament.(EP)<br>
<br>
but don't mix its(the Parliaments) function or power<br>
with the one a countrys parliament would have.<br>
<br>
Even the EU itself admits this.<br>
<br>
For example there is no possibility for a law initiative.<br>
<br>
This is the right of the Council (with Generalsecretary Solana) or of the Commission (per constitution plan: Solana to be vize president here soon). The Parliament just votes on the new laws from Commission/Coucil. <br>
<br>
So from this three main EU organs, the EP is the weakest one, but the best to show/suggerate for the public how democratic things are going.<br>
<br>
<br>
overview on the Parliament:<br>
<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.europarl.eu.int/parliament/public/staticDisplay.do?language=EN&id=45">www.europarl.eu.int/parli...e=EN&id=45</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br>
<br>
the 7 political groups are:<br>
<br>
-PPE-DEGroup of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats <br>
-PSESocialist Group in the European Parliament -ALDE/ADLEGroup of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe <br>
-Verts/ALEGroup of the Greens / European Free Alliance -GUE-NGLConfederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left <br>
-IND/DEMIndependence/Democracy Group <br>
-UENUnion for Europe of the Nations Group<br>
(from: <!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.europarl.eu.int/groups/default_en.htm)">www.europarl.eu.int/group...lt_en.htm)</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br>
<br>
As I know the left side has the majority<br>
and showed this very much on 2004 oct 26/27.<br>
when Barosso, new elected president of the Commission, needed their yes to his proposal for the new group of Commissars and out of fear for their refusal (mainly because of Mr.Buttligone, of whom they said he would be too conservative), took back the hole group one hour before the decision and presented another group some weeks later.<br>
<br>
farmer <p></p><i></i>
farmer
 

Re: EU / Solana gov't organization

Postby akabillyjean on Wed Jan 25, 2006 9:07 am

Just an observation, not trying to do nothing more that present facts: <br>
<br>
Javier Solana was born July 14, 1942, the height of WW2, death, destruction, holocaust. Here's what Wikepedia says was going on in July of 1942:<br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1942">en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1942</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br>
<!--EZCODE QUOTE START--><blockquote><strong><em>Quote:</em></strong><hr>July 1942<br>
July 1 - July 27 - World War II: the First Battle of El Alamein <br>
July 9 - <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Holocaust: Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in an attic above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> July 13 - World War II: German U-Boats sink three more merchant ships in Gulf of St. Lawrence. <br>
July 16 - <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Holocaust: On order from the Vichy France government headed by Pierre Laval, French police officers round-up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome.</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> July 16 - Georges Bégué and others escape from Mauzac prison camp <br>
July 18 - <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>World War II: The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jets for the first time.</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <br>
July 19 - World War II: Battle of the Atlantic - German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to an effective American convoy system. <br>
July 22 - <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> July 31 - The Oxford Committee of Famine Relief (OXFAM) founded<hr></blockquote><!--EZCODE QUOTE END--> <br>
<br>
What a time to be born...<!--EZCODE EMOTICON START :thinking --><img src=http://smileys.smileycentral.com/cat/4/4_12_12.gif ALT=":thinking"><!--EZCODE EMOTICON END--> <br>
<br>
WOW!!!<br>
<br>
Check this out! Again just the facts and trying to make sense of it all... <!--EZCODE EMOTICON START :raspberry --><img src=http://smileys.smileycentral.com/cat/a05/36_11_22.gif ALT=":raspberry"><!--EZCODE EMOTICON END--> <br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moammar_Al_Qadhafi">en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moammar_Al_Qadhafi</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br>
<br>
<!--EZCODE QUOTE START--><blockquote><strong><em>Quote:</em></strong><hr>Seizing power<br>
On September 1, 1969, a small group of military officers led by Gaddafi staged a coup d'état against King Idris, who was exiled to Egypt. The new regime, headed by the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC), abolished the monarchy and proclaimed the new Libyan Arab Republic. Gaddafi <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>emerged as leader of the RCC and eventually as de facto chief of state, a political role he still plays, although he holds no official position</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END-->. Gaddafi is referred to in government statements and the official press as the <!--EZCODE ITALIC START--><em><!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>"Brother Leader and Guide of the Revolution."</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--></em><!--EZCODE ITALIC END--><br>
<!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Unlike other military dictators, Gaddafi did not promote himself to the rank of general upon seizing power, but rather accepted a ceremonial promotion from captain to colonel and has remained at this rank for the last thirty-five years. This no doubt appears odd to western militaries</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END-->, in that a colonel can rule a country and serve as Commander-in-Chief of its military, but in Gaddafi's own words Libya's utopian society is ruled by the people, so he needs no grandiose title or a supreme military rank.<br>
<br>
Gaddafi's remaining a colonel, while assuming control over a country, is not a new concept among dictatorships. Gamal Abdel Nasser remained a colonel after seizing power in Egypt while Jerry Rawlings, dictator of Ghana, held no military rank higher than Flight Lieutenant.<hr></blockquote><!--EZCODE QUOTE END--><br>
<br>
The reason I bring Gaddafi up is one, he was also born in 1942 and is a socialist and really has no power that THE PEOPLE didn't give him. He <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>appears</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> to be humble,not taking an official leaders title, when in fact his full of pride. Sound familiar?<br>
<br>
If this is totally off the mark, I'm sorry. I just look at history and accept the fact that we're doomed to repeat it, until Christ makes a new heaven and a new earth. <!--EZCODE EMOTICON START :blessyou --><img src=http://forums.catholic.com/images/smilies/signs/blessyou.png ALT=":blessyou"><!--EZCODE EMOTICON END--> <br>
<br>
<p></p><i></i>
akabillyjean
 

Postby MarvelousMom on Tue Jun 20, 2006 10:02 am

Related to Ready1's question to Herb on Solana's titles and positions, Herb replied:

Solana's three primary titles are High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union, Secretary General of the Council of the European Union and Secretary General of the Western European Union.

It is in the scope of these three Offices that all his other many titles fall -- which for me, are too many to count. It almost would be like trying to name all the agencies falling under the authority of the U. S. President. But, it didn't start out that way.

Since taking office in 1999 Solana's powers have been a gradual progression. What's interesting to me is how his new powers often come after a wave of news reports that say the oposite. The recent summit is an example. If you recall, all the news was reporting that nothing of significance happened. But, it did. The 25 EU heads quitely approved Solana's anti-terror strategy, placing their civil and military at his disposal. I'd call that significant.


It reminded me of this informative post from Nov 2004, which stated:
Solana is:
Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union (EU)
Secretary-General of the Western European Union (WEU)
High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
Will be VP of the Commission in charge of External Relations

The EU's decision-making process involve three main institutions:
•European Parliament (elected)
•European Commission (appointed)
•Council of the European Union (appointed)

This "institutional triangle" produces the policies and laws that apply throughout the EU.

Two other institutions have a vital part to play:
Court of Justice - upholds the rule of European law
Court of Auditors - checks the financing of the Union's activities



This same post was quite an eye opener as it compared Solana's power (as of Nov 2004) to similar US govt position powers and authority:

....as a comparison, it seems to me that Solana has about the same power in the EU as one would have if we combined all of the US positions listed below:

Secretary of State, Colin Powell
Secretary of Defense, Donald H. Rumsfeld
National Security Advisor, Dr. Condoleezza Rice
Department of Homeland Security, Tom Ridge
Speaker of the House (Congress), Dennis Hastert (very powerful but anonymous position)
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Richard B. Myers
Director of Central Intelligence, George J. Tenet
Chairman Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, Lt. Gen. Brent Scowcroft
And possible a few others


Constance Cumbey posted additional responsibilities:
US equivalent of head of NASA -- European Space Agency is also under Solana's power; did you mention Commander in Chief? Solana has the EU military as well as foreign policy!



Questions:
Has Solana gained additional powers and authority since the Nov 2004 post? Has he lost any?

Is Solana involved in the European Parliament in any way?

What is the "VP of the Commission in charge of External Relations"?
Is he still slated for this position?
What powers and authority, if any, are granted by this position?

Does Solana have any power related to the Court of Justice or the Court of Auditors?


edited to correct date to Nov 2004
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Postby JCisCool on Fri Jul 28, 2006 8:00 am

I just figured this out. Most of you probably knew this already and Herb, I'm sure had the initial inkling on this one. The Parliament are the 7 heads, and the WEU are the 10 horns. Cool!!!!! Well not really!!
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Postby lahalbo on Wed Aug 02, 2006 2:02 pm

This excerpt is from an article dated 7/26/04

To dissipate the negative reception in Israel of the EU’s unanimous vote, the top EU foreign policy representative, practically the EU foreign minister, Javier Solana, arrived in Jerusalem last week.


http://www.nineoclock.ro/index.php

The article goes on to talk about the US and EU differing opinion on Isreal.
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Postby farmer on Thu Oct 18, 2007 8:57 pm

Main points of freshly approved EU reform treaty
19 October 2007, 04:02 CET

http://www.eubusiness.com/news_live/1192759327.41
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Re: EU / Solana gov't organization

Postby ObeyHim on Wed Oct 07, 2009 2:14 pm

The European Union has drawn up secret plans to establish itself as a global power in its own right with the authority to sign international agreements on behalf of member states
October 7, 2009
UK Telegraph

Confidential negotiations on how to implement the Lisbon Treaty have produced proposals to allow the EU to negotiate treaties and even open embassies across the world.

http://standeyo.com/NEWS/09_World/09100 ... power.html
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